In my last post I talked about the importance of spatial awareness and some basic details about what “spatial awareness” actually is. I alluded to the fact that the best way to refine your designs spatial awareness is to use a grid system, that way all of your placement and spacing of objects and elements is based on the same mathematical system. While subtle, this can have a profound impact on the quality of the design that you are creating.
The first step is developing or downloading a grid for use in photoshop and your mock-up. With so many quality grid PSD’s out there it might not make sense to create your own over adapting one that has been fleshed out already.
Here are some grids you can try:
I have gotten used to and like the blueprint grid, as I have adapted the use of blueprint and quite like it.
After you have opened up your grid rather than starting to design like you normally would it pays to spend some time to just block up elements and the space that they will use. This will help you see how the visual weight of elements will effect the page in addition to how space is used (and not used, remember that negative space is just as important as positive).
From here you should have a good idea of how elements relate to each other, how does grouping effect elements relationships, etc.
Lets look at the detail closer
As you can see all of the margins, spacing, gutters, etc are all a multiple of the same initial gutter. This creates a very balanced and polished design that would likely feel very different had we just tried to eyeball the spacing.
When two elements have some relationship to each other I only use one length of the gutter (or none), where if elements are of different content/context they use three gutter lengths. This visual separation tells the user that the elements are not related, but by keeping the rhythm of the design consistent it never feels like an element is out of place.
It works for Typography as well
Last year there was a lot of discussion and awareness of the “baseline grid” in typography. Simply put, developing a baseline grid for type ensures that all of the type regardless of size lines up on the same grid. Using these sorts of grid systems helps you develop that baseline grid as well. Here we can see a close up example of two type areas and sizes on the page and how they line up in addition to the spacing and awareness of other elements.
So pay attention to spacing
Even if you are not looking to do a very organized content intensive site the use of grids to help plan and space out your elements will create a much more polished and clean design. The time it takes to actually create proper spacing will pay for itself as your portfolio and quality of work improves dramatically over time.
If you have any tips/hints/resources/ideas related to grids and space feel free to leave a comment below.